Dental Emergencies

207 E 6th St

Bonham, TX 75418

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Dental Emergencies

Dental emergencies are quite frightening and often painful.  Prompt treatment is almost always required to alleviate pain and to ensure the teeth have the best possible chance of survival.

Sometimes, teeth become fractured by trauma, grinding, or biting on hard objects.  In other cases, fillings, crowns, and other restorative devices can be damaged or fall out of the mouth completely.  If there is severe pain, it is essential to contact our office immediately.  The pain caused by dental emergencies almost always gets worse without treatment, and dental issues can seriously jeopardize physical health.

Types of dental emergency and how to deal with them


Avulsed tooth (tooth knocked out)

If a tooth has been knocked clean out of the mouth, it is essential to see a dentist immediately.  When a tooth exits the mouth, tissues, nerves, and blood vessels become damaged.  If the tooth can be placed back into its socket within an hour, there is a chance the tissues will grow to support the tooth once again.

Here are some steps to take:

  1. Call our office.
  2. Pick up the tooth by the crown and rinse it under warm water.  DO NOT touch the root.
  3. If possible, place it back into its socket – if not tuck it into the cheek pouch.
  4. If the tooth cannot be placed in the mouth, put the tooth into a cup of milk, saliva, or water as a last resort.  It is important to keep the tooth from drying out.
  5. Get to our office, quickly and safely.

We will try to replace the tooth in its natural socket.  In some cases, the tooth will reattach, but if the inner mechanisms of the teeth are seriously damaged, root canal therapy might be necessary.


Lost filling or crown

Usually, a crown or filling comes loose while eating.  Once it is out of the mouth, the affected tooth may be incredibly sensitive to temperature changes and pressure.  Crowns generally become loose because the tooth beneath is decaying.  The decay causes shape changes in the teeth – meaning that the crown no longer fits.

If a crown has dropped out of the mouth, make a dental appointment as soon as possible.  Keep the crown in a cool, safe place because there is a possibility that we can reinsert it.  If the crown is out of the mouth for a long period of time, the teeth may shift or sustain further damage.

When we are not immediately accessible, here are the steps to take:

  1. Apply clove oil to the tooth to alleviate pain.
  2. Clean the crown, and affix it onto the tooth with dental cement.  This can be purchased at a local pharmacy.
  3. If the crown is lost, smear the top of the tooth with dental cement to alleviate discomfort.
  4. DO NOT use any kind of glue to affix the crown.

We will check the crown to see if it still fits.  If it does, it will be reattached to the tooth. Where decay is noted, this will be treated and a new crown will be made.


Cracked or broken teeth

The teeth are strong, but they are still prone to fractures, cracks, and breaks.  Sometimes fractures are fairly painless, but if the crack extends down into the root, it is likely that the pain will be extreme.  Fractures, cracks, and breaks can take several different forms, but are generally caused by trauma, grinding, and biting.  If a tooth has been fractured or cracked, there is no alternative but to schedule an appointment as quickly as possible.

Where a segment of tooth has been broken off, here are some steps that can be taken at home:

  1. Call our office.
  2. Rinse the tooth fragment and the mouth with lukewarm water.
  3. Apply gauze to the area for ten minutes if there is bleeding.
  4. Place a cold, damp dishtowel on the cheek to minimize swelling and pain.
  5. Cover the affected area with over-the-counter dental cement if you cannot see us immediately.
  6. Take a topical pain reliever.

The nature of the break or fracture will limit what we are able to do.  If a fracture or crack extends into the root, root canal therapy is often the most effective way to retain the tooth. In the case of a complete break, your dentist will usually affix the fragment back onto the tooth as a temporary measure.


Dislodged/loose teeth

When a tooth has been dislodged or loosened from its socket by trauma or decay, it might be possible to save it. If the tooth remains in the mouth still attached to the blood vessels and nerves, there is a good chance root canal therapy will not be necessary.

It is important to call our office immediately to make an appointment.  In the meantime, use a cold compress and over-the-counter medications to relieve pain.  Your dentist will reposition the tooth and add splints to stabilize it.  If the tooth fails to heal, root canal therapy might be required.

If you have questions or concerns about dental emergencies, please contact our office.

Frequently Asked Questions

A dental emergency is a situation that demands instant dentist attention and action to reduce the excruciating pain, mitigate damage, and prevent the situation from worsening further. Some generic examples of dental emergencies include a fractured tooth, knocked-out tooth, severe toothache, critical gum injury, or losing a filling or crown. Specific examples may vary based on the patient’s overall health condition and situation.

During a dental emergency, an ER can provide medications and antibiotics or pain relievers to reduce the dental pain and swelling. However, it cannot conduct restorative procedures that include providing fillings or fitting crowns.

No. An emergency room cannot pull a tooth. It can only provide medications to relieve the pain. Only a dentist is legally allowed to perform emergency tooth extraction.

The emergency room aims to stop the infection and relieve pain. Hence, it prescribes antibiotics after diagnosing the patient’s condition. Usually, the staff in an ER doesn’t drain an abscess. It is a dentist or an emergency dental clinic that does it.

Some generic measures to alleviate unbearable tooth pain include the following.

  • Rinsing the mouth with warm salt water
  • Soaking a cotton swab in clove oil and applying it to the affected area
  • Placing ice wrapped in a cloth against the cheek on the aching side
  • Consuming over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Avoiding consuming certain foods and drinks that aggravate the pain

See a dentist if the above measures don’t work.

Not always but it requires prompt attention and dentist intervention, as tooth decay, if left untreated for a long time, can result in various complications like pain, infection, and potential proliferation of the infection to other parts of the body.

A hole in a tooth refers to a cavity or dental caries. It may or may not be an emergency depending on the condition’s severity. Some factors to consider include the following.

  • Swelling in the gums may signify an infection and be deemed an emergency
  • Severe or persistent or both can be considered an emergency
  • Fever with pain may indicate a systemic infection and requires medical attention
  • A hole in the tooth causing bleeding can be treated as an emergency
  • Challenges eating or drinking anything due to the hole also refer to an emergency

If you have a toothache but no insurance, then you aren’t alone. We offer flexible payment plans that allow you to pay your dental treatment costs in installments.

If you don’t have insurance but need dental treatment, we offer flexible payment plans that allow you to pay your dental treatment costs in installments.

Although not always, tooth extraction can become an emergency in the below situations.

  • Severe pain and swelling
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Breathing or swallowing challenges
  • Persistent fever
  • Bad taste or odor

A dental emergency could translate into a severe problem or more complications. Hence, if it is a critical situation, approach the closest hospital emergency department. However, if the dental emergency isn’t life-threatening, see your dentist at the earliest.

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