While there are many forms of gingival and periodontal diseases, the most common type are gingivitis and adult periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the earliest stage and affects only the gum tissue. At this stage, the disease is still reversible. Bacterial buildup causes inflammation of the gum tissue which leads to “bleeding gums.” If not treated, however, it may lead to a more severe condition called Periodontitis.
Periodontitis is the more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. The gums, bone and other structures that support the teeth become damaged. Teeth can become loose and fall out, or may have to be removed. At this stage, the disease may require more complex treatment to prevent tooth loss. One of these treatments is more commonly known as Scaling and Root Planing or a Deep Cleaning. Scaling and Root Planing consists of the removal of tartar (calculus) both above and below the gums and on the root surfaces of teeth.